HISTORY OF PUNJAB
When did the name “Punjab” come about?
There is no doubt that the first name of Punjab was ‘Spat Sindhu’ meaning seven rivers. These seven rivers were Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Saraswati. With the drying up of the Saraswati and the transgression of the Indus, the remaining five rivers remained.
But for a long time it was still called Sapat Sindhu. The word Punjab first appears to have been used by Amir Khusrau at the time of the death of Muhammad, the son of Balban in 3 AD. The use of Punjab as a common saying indicates that the word Punjab was prevalent at that time.
He wrote that
“ਪੰਜਾਆਬੇ ਦੀਗਰ ਅੰਦਰ ਮੋਲਤਾਂ ਆਮਦ ਪਦੀਦ”,
‘Meaning another Punjab appeared in Multan.
Then, when attacks from outside began, its relations with foreign countries increased and its name changed.
Just as India was called Hindustan, so this Sapat Indus became ‘Punjab’.
Impact of Geography in History :-
To understand the history of any part of the world we need to understand the geography of that part of the world and it is the geographical structure that influences every action and every thought.
Like England is an island.That is why the interest of the people there was towards the sea. For this purpose, England has always surpassed other countries in the seas. As long as naval power dominated the British rule, the sun did not set, but when naval power was replaced by nuclear power, England began to be pushed back.
In his famous book South East Asia and Western Dominance, KM Panicker has reinforced the idea that geography has a profound effect on history.
Geography and history cannot be separated. Climate plays a major role in shaping nature.This Punjab is compared to ‘open scissors’. To the west is the Doab of the Indus Sea and to the east is the Jamna. We can divide it into four parts to make it easier to understand:-
1. The mountainous region of the northeast, which includes the Himalayas and the Shivalik.Northwest in which Kura, Kuram, Koh, Baba Koh, White and Suleiman come.
2. The foothills:- The foothills are the foothills. It covers the areas of Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Sialkot and Pathankot.
3. Plains:- Plains are followed by plains which may include Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ferozepur, Ambala, Karnal etc.
4. Deserts:-Deserts can be taken to Multan Bahawalpur.
- The Influence of Geography on the History of Punjab:- The Himalayas are a high mountain in the northeast and there is no crossing that can be easily climbed. That is why the invaders cannot come to Punjab or India from either side.
A big country like China had to build a wall, but India had its own natural wall which was built by Qadir. With the advent of new technology and munitions, the Himalayas have woken up even though the difficulties of travel remain the same.
Secondly, these mountains are home to great resources.These springs become rivers and reach the plains and make them rich.Thirdly, while these mountains prevent the invaders, they also prevent severe cold winds and do not allow Punjab to feel cold.To the northwest is Mount Solomon.
It includes the famous crossings of Khyber Kura Kuram Tochi Gomal and Bolan. They give way to any attacker who wants to come. From the beginning, its crossings have been writing the destiny of India. The Aryans, the Iranians, the Greeks, the Parthians, the Bactrians, the Turks, the Mongols, the Mughals, Nader Shah, Ahmad Shah, and Shah Zaman invaded India in the same way.
Every day new adventures were witnessed by the heroes of Punjab.The attacks further increased the power of the Punjabis. Just as the people of Bihar are building their settlements in a slightly different way due to the floods every year so that they do not have to face any difficulty during the floods, so the Punjabis are seeing new teams every day in Punjab.
The way of life became different. For example, there was some rigidity in the nature of Punjabis. These Punjabis strengthened their bodies for the competition and mastered the art of arms.
Due to these other attacks, Punjabis came to be considered as brave compared to the rest of India.
On the third day, due to new attacks, the idea of not accumulating wealth in Punjab came up.Fourth, if anyone was the first to confront these invaders, they were Punjabis. Punjabis adopted the nature of outsiders, learned new things first and adopted every new idea first.Fifth, if the Himalayas have saved India from foreign aggression, then the Punjabis are still there. He has made the rest of India happy by enduring all the sorrows on his body.
- The Influence of plateau area:- This area is spread over the foothills. The earth is rocky and strong. It rains a lot here. All attackers have to pass through this area.
People competed. These are the people who fought hard. This area is less fertile so most of the people in the area have been living a military life.
- The Influence of the plains:- Rivers have been cultivating this right for centuries too make its plains fertile. This can be gauged from the abundant crops of trees and vines and the good stature of men and women in the form of agile faces and agile and sharp speech. So the area never had to look outside. To this day, it has been called the home of food. Because of its fertility, the mouths of outsiders have been flooded. In their eyes, it was a golden sparrow. They put a lot of effort into it.
These rivers have brought us many benefits. These rivers serves as natural boundaries and have been able to stop the invaders there for some time. Another proof of this is found in a mantra of the Rig Veda. In that mantra, Vishwa Mitra has prayed to the Beas and Sutlej rivers to allow the Indians to pass.
Its climate is such that its inhabitants can live in every part of the world. In summer, the mercury rises a lot and heats the areas like a tandoor and in winter, sometimes it starts snowing. But there are many areas in the world that are very cold even in summer.The wind and water here did not allow Punjab to be lazy. Keep it strong. He did not get into the habit of snoring. If it was thrown into the burning sands of Arabia and Africa or into the icy regions of Siberia, the people there would have eaten everything on their bodies. It was this force that helped him in difficult times.
Prepared to face the enemy and, according to Ratan Singh Bhangu, “prepared to ride on the saddles of hundreds of Koh horses.”
Another major effect is that the five rivers form five different doabas. So in natural areas or doabas each formed their own separate government. They never fought together for a common cause. One by one, even though all the victims were trampled, they did not fight together.
Something Wrong Please Contact to Davsy Admin