Life and contribution of : Baba Buddha ji


Baba Buddha ji


Who was Baba Buddha ji?

Guru Amar Das called these the limits of Sikhism. Guru Ramdas ji, before becoming a Guru, inquired about the manners of the Gur gurship. After the founding of the Guru Granth Sahib, Baba Buddha took the first sentence and finally left his body in the hands of Guru Hargobind. Baba Buddha was born on 22 October 1506 at the home of Bhai Sugha Ji Randhawa in the royal fort of the village Gaggonangal, now known as Kathunangal, district Amritsar.

His father owned 22 villages. His mother Gaur was a very Bhajan Bandgi who had an impact on the life of Baba Buddha Ji. His parents named him Buda. He spent his childhood in Kathunangal and later his family came to Ramdas village. One day when the buffaloes were grazing in the fields, they met Guru Nanak.


Budha ji was 12 years old at that time. As a sign of love, he offered buffalo milk to Guru Ji and asked Baba Ji to tell him a way to get peace of mind. Hearing these words, Baba ji said, “Bhai, what is your name?” “My name is Budha,” he said. Guru Nanak Dev Ji said that you are very young, but the talk is like your old age “You are not old but old”. From that day onwards, Buda Ji’s name became ‘Buddha Ji’ who became revered in the Sikh community as Baba Buddha Ji.

Buddha  ji became a true disciple of Guru Nanak. He used to serve the sangat all day, go to the fields, do agricultural work and chant Naam. He practiced in his life the teaching of ‘Naam Japan Kirat Karan Te Vand Ke Chakna’ with great devotion.  Buddha  ji was married in 1590 to Miroa, the daughter of a landlord of Achal village. Four sons were born in his house. Some time later, his father died suddenly. She was not even seventeen when Mata Goran followed her husband and Baba Budha came to the Guru’s house.


He carried out his domestic life and service to the Guru’s house with full devotion. When Guru Nanak came to Kartarpur after the Baba Budha ji and his family arrived at Kartarpur to serve the Guru’s house. Guru Angad Dev Ji kept himself out of the Sangat for 6 months after the passing away of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The sangat went to Buddha Ji in search of the Guru because Guru Nanak Dev Ji had blessed them not to leave.

Baba Budha Ji went to Khadur Sahib and reached the house of Mai Bharai who looked like Guru Sahib’s aunt. Guru Sahib was engrossed in devotion. It was written on the door that whoever tries to open the door will not be my Sikh. Baba Budha Ji did not open the door, then broke down the wall and went inside and proceeded to reveal Guru Angad Dev Ji to the Sangat. After this Guru Angad established his centre at Khadur Sahib and Baba Buddha also came to Khadur Sahib.


Here, on the orders of the Guru, he began to teach in the Gurmukhi script and to serve the langar. When Guru Sahib established the city of Goindval, he built a common baoli here against a high and low roof which was entrusted to Baba Buddha. Baba Budha Ji along with Mata Khivi used to take care of the langar and the sangat. When Guru Amar Das were sitting on the throne, one day in the crowded court, Datu kicked Guru Sahib and said you are our servants. We don’t need you anymore. The mass of humility grabbed Datu’s feet and said, “I have old bones.

The next day Guru Sahib left Guru Darbar and left. When the sangat did not see Guru Patshah, they became distraught and came to Baba Budha Ji for help. Baba Budha took the Guru Amar Das’s horse as planned and followed him. He rode 1 horse and stopped in front of a house. “Anyone who tries to open this door will not be my Sikh”. Baba Budha Ji, disobeying the order of Guru Sahib, leaned against the back wall and first touched his feet. Guru Sahib hugged him tightly. Guru Sahib blessed Baba Budha as the limit of Sikhism for the sangat and resumed his darshan to the sangat.


When Pragna Jhabal (12 villages) was presented to Guru Ghar after the conquest of Chittor by Emperor Akbar through Guru Amar Das, he ordered Baba Buddha to be the car trustee and encamp here. Baba Buddha encamped in a deserted place in the middle of Jhabal Dhand Kasel where Mata Ganga also came to seek his blessings. Here the cattle of Guru Sahibs used to graze cattle. It was called Bir. The care of this Bir and the cattle in it was entrusted to Baba Buddha. Baba ji spent most of his life in this Bir serving the Guru’s house.

They used to dig the grass and find the Guru’s horses, cows, buffaloes etc. That is why he used to call himself Guru Ji’s Ghahi (grass digger). The name of this Bir became Baba Buddha’s Bir or Baba’s Bir. A historical shrine of the same name was also built here. In Amritsar, at the behest of Guru Amar Das, Baba Ji was the first to drive a sarovar and establish a city. Guru Amardas ji erected an 84-step baol ਵਿਖੇ at Goindwal Sahib in 1552 AD to eliminate the Such Bhit, which was erected by Baba budha ji. When Guru Amar Das established 22 manjis in a systematic manner for the propagation of Sikhism, he entrusted the service of their main arrangement to Baba Buddha.


Opponents of making common langar and common baolis, including their own, got angry and went to Akbar and complained that he had corrupted our religion. Guru Amar Das sent Baba Budha and Jetha to Agra for confirmation. After being reassured, Emperor Akbar himself sat in the pangat at the Guru Darbar and ate langar. Expressing his desire to give a jagir for the langar, Guru Sahib refused the langar as an attempt by the sangat. Akbar called Mata Bhani his daughter and named 12 villages of Jhabal after her. After the passing away of Guru Amar Das, Baba Budha performed the last rites of Guru Sahib with his own hands.

When Guru Ram Das founded the city of Amritsar, the excavation of the Amrit Sarovar was started by Baba Buddha. Guru Ram Das were watching the good deeds of his three sons. Nothing was hidden from the eyes of Baba Budha ji. However, Guru Ram Das Ji asked Baba Budha Ji for the advice of giving Gurugdi, then Baba Budha Ji humbly said, All the virtues are in Arjun Dev. So it was decided to give the Guruship to Guru Arjan Dev Ji. Guru Ram Das passed away in September 1581. According to the plan, it was decided to give two steps, one for Prithi Chand, the eldest son to leave his father’s body, and the other for Guru Arjan Dev Ji.


But when Prithi Chand got the other foot of death and started placing the other foot on the head of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, he also lost that foot. Guru Arjan remained calm. But the effect on the sangat was very bad. Baba Budha Ji tried to explain to him in a loud voice that Gurgadi is no one’s inheritance, it is subject to the Creator which is written from the beginning. The Guruship was given to Guru Arjan.  Prithi Chand continued his evil plans. Blockaded Amritsar with a kind.

The masands were seated in the path of the Guru Darbar, who would send them to the side of Prithi Chand to collect offerings from those who came from far and wide, and to the court of Guru Arjan for langar. The langar was confined to chhols, but Guru Sahib remained steadfast and calm. When Baba Budha Ji came back from Agra, he found out and he along with Bhai Gurdas Ji sat in the corners of both the Darbars and told the whole story to the Sangat.

When Guru Arjan Dev Ji established the Golden Temple and installed Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the first sentence was taken by Baba Budha Ji “Santa Ke Karj Aap Khaloya”. Baba Buddha Ji was appointed as the first granthi. Then when the service of Amritsar Sarovar and Golden Temple started, Baba Ji along with his sons and grandsons took part in the service. During the service of Darbar Sahib, Beri, which is on the east side of the circumambulation of the sarovar of Sri Harmandir Sahib, sits down and pays the salaries to the workers working on the sarovar at the Harimandar, Karni etc. took all the responsibility. This Beri is now known as Ber Baba Buddha Ji.


He was so revered in the Guru’s house that Guru Arjan entrusted him with the task of training his son, Sri Hargobind. He taught Gurmukhi Gurbani and Gur Itihas to Sri Hargobind Sahib Ji as well as wrestling and other physical training using horse riding weapons.
Later the training of the sons of Guru Hargobind Sahib was also done by Baba Ji. When Guru Arjan handed over the Guruship to Guru Hargobind, Baba Buddha wielded the two swords of Miri and Peeri. In 1608, Baba Buddha and Bhai Gurdas built the Akal Bunga (Akal Takht Sahib).

Its foundation stone was laid by Guru Hargobind himself. When Jahangir imprisoned Guru Hargobind in the fort of Gwalior, the Sikhs were led by Baba Buddha and Bhai Gurdas. Baba Buddha, Bhai Gurdas and Balu Rai played an important role in the meeting with Emperor Jahangir in the last days of January 1620 AD. Baba Buddha had four sons. From his lineage, Bhai Ram Kanwar became known as Gurbakhsh Singh for his ‘Khande Di Pahul’.
Baba ji’s dynasty still lives around Kathu Nangal.

Guru Hargobind was imprisoned in the fort of Gwalior and at that time Baba Budha went to various places to maintain the morale of the Sikhs.
After some time, Mata Ganga Ji sent Baba Buddha Ji to Gwalior to bring the news of Guru Ji to Surat. They went and met the Guru and returned with a message of happiness. It was during Guru Ji’s imprisonment that Baba Buddha introduced the practice of kirtan Chowki during Sukh Asan. In the evening, the sangat would form a jatha or chauki, recite the Shabad, perform the rituals of Sri Darbar Sahib and then depart after offering prayers.

Similarly, during the imprisonment of Guru Sahib, these outposts used to perform kirtan with drums and chisels. Guru Sahib had to be released due to pressure. When Guru Hargobind stayed at Sri Hargobindpur, the abode of Guru Arjan on the banks of the Beas, where he had to fight, Baba Buddha visited Sri Hargobindpur. “I am very old now,” he pleaded. Leave the service of Bir and allow me to go to my village Ramdas and spend the last days of my life doing Bhajan Bandgi. At the same time, promise that when I pray for Darshan, you must come.’ With the Guru’s permission, Baba Ji stayed in Ramdas and engaged in Bhajan Bandgi.

At the time of Baba Buddha’s passing away, Ramdas arrived and after seeing and receiving blessings, Baba Ji (September 6, 1631 AD) left for Sachkhand. He was 125 years and 25 days old at that time. Guru Hargobind Sahib cremated Baba Budha Ji with his own hands. This place (Ramdas) is a very large sarovar. Baba Buddha Ji kept the Sikhs under one banner by guiding them through his foresight and sharp intellect in many turbulent times. Baba Buddha ji was a perfect Gursikh with a high standard of living and an influential personality.

The name of this living being from the Guru’s house will always serve as a beacon of light in Sikh history. The sangats come here day and night to pay their respects, especially on the day of Sangranad. Baba Kharak Singh Ji served this place for a long time. Due to his efforts, Baba Buddha College and Bir Sahib were established here in 1969 on the occasion of the 500th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak. The Baba Buddha Charitable Hospital set up by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee here is a boon to the residents of the area. The 150-bed hospital has excellent medical facilities and emergency services available to the residents of the area.

The Shiromani Committee has been assisting the students belonging to poor and ordinary families as Khalsa Senior Secondary School and Baba Buddha Public High School Bir Sahib as standard educational institutions. Baba Kharak Singh Ji constructed a large size langar hall at this place. Mata Ganga Niwas (Sarai) is a four-storied building with modern facilities of 52 rooms in an acre of land for travellers coming from far and wide. A magnificent gate on the link road leading to this place on the Amritsar Khemkaran Road is also being used by Baba Buddha Sahib Ji for the pilgrims. In the langar here, items like Missa Prasada, Onion, Lassi Kheer have been used as per centuries old tradition.
The annual Jodh Mela takes place here in the month of October. The Amrit of Khanda Bata is performed. There are Katha Kirtan and various other programs which are spreading the message of peace, love and harmony all over the world.

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