THOUGHTS ABOUT AKAL PURAKH
Who is akal purakh?
God is a supreme power in the world. The same question arises while thinking about lord, is there Akal Purakh or God ? If the answer to this question is yes, then what is the proof to prove the existence of God? From time immemorial such questions about the existence of God have been and will continue to rise. But in spite of this, in most religions, especially in Indian religions, there has been a firm belief of an entity which possesses infinite powers and resources. The Gurbani is the basic foundation of Sikh Dharam Darshan and Akal Purakh is discussed in detail in the entire Gurbani. The definition of a god is an image, person or thing that is worshiped, honored or believed to be all-powerful or the creator and ruler of the universe. According to Sikhism, the name of the entity used in its visible and invisible universe is Akal Purakh. The form of which is depicted in the Moolmantar as follows:
੧ਓ ਸਤਿਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ
ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ।।
One universal Creator God. The Name is Truth. Creative Being Personified. No Fear. No Hatred. Image of the Undying, Beyond Birth, Self- Existent. By Guru’s Grace.
The qualities and attributes of God in the above form are mentioned in the Gurbani as follows:
1. God’s Nirgun and Sargun Saroop –
Nirgun Saroop is that which cannot be realized. This is the form of the time when the universe was not created. Before the creation of the universe, there was infinite darkness for a long time and there was a state of numbness or imperfection, but it was not a state of non-existence. This means that God has physical qualities And was devoid of praises but he existed. Sargun Saroop is that which is full of virtues. This entire visible universe is the light of that God. There are infinite virtues in the Sargun Saroop of God and not all of them can be described. These qualities include the entire universe related to Maya and its powers. Many sects place too much emphasis on the Nirgun Saroop of God and less on the Sargun. On the contrary, some opinions place too much emphasis on Sargun and very little on Nirgun Saroop.
2. Echo is a prophecy, invisible and omnipresent –
A concept of Akal Purakh whose tradition is a unique gift of Gurmat Darshan because Hinduism has been believing in many theism for centuries. Idols, once in the form of polytheism, came to be opposed to one God. Vedanta, which is the apex of Hinduism, has accepted the two forms of God, Braham and Ishwar. Kapil Muni, the author of Sankh Shastra, also acknowledges two powers – Purash and Prakriti. In the divine scriptures, Temurti, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh are considered. Besides, 33 crore gods and goddesses have been worshipped. Four-sentence Buddha, Jain etc. have also adopted non-divine ideas. But in Gurmat the concept of God is very clearly expressed.
ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ।। ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ।।
My Lord and Master is One. He is One and Only; O Siblings of Destiny, He is the One alone.
3. God is the Eternal Doer:
Akal Purakh is everlasting, but this world is changeable. This world is not everlasting. Everything in the world is immortal. Guru Nanak says:
ਜੋ ਉਪਜੈ ਸੋ ਆਵੈ ਜਾਇ।।ਨਾਨਕ ਅਸਥਿਰੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਜਾਇ।।
Whoever is born, continues to come and go. O Nanak, only the Naam and the Lord’s command are eternal and everlasting.
According to Gurmat Darshan, Akal Purakh is the creator of the entire universe and the word Karta has been used to express His attributes. Scholars, materialists believe that the creation of the universe is from matter and consider the matter to be eternal. Shankaracharya has described Ishwar as the creative power instead of Braham. Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh follows the principle of Timurti and believe in Rachna Kaal Brahma. But Gurmat accepts the One God as the Creator of the universe.
ਸਭ ਤੇਰੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਤੂੰ ਕਾਦਿਰੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪਾਕੀ ਪਾੲੀ ਪਾਕੁ।।
Everything is in Your Power, Lord; You are the all powerful Creator, Your Name is the holiest of the Holy.
4. Param Shakti, Nirbhao Te Nirvair, Akal Murti, Ajuni –
Akal Purakh has no fear of anyone and He does not frighten anyone. Fear Him not because there is no one greater than Him and He has no animosity towards anyone. Because He is the Creator and the rest of the creation is His creation. The person who considers God to be feared becomes fearless himself and is encouraged to do good deeds. God is free from birth and death, meaning He does not come into existence, but in spite of this, God exists. This quality of God means that God does not come in human form and He does not incarnate. There is a big difference between this aspect of Gurmat and Vaishnavism which does not believe in the incarnation. Guru Nanak Dev Ji does not consider any human being to be God, nor does he claim to be God himself.
5. God is Almighty –
Almighty and omnipotence are two qualities without which the form of any kind of God cannot be created. The quality of power is so important to God that its non-existence is equal to the certainty of God’s non-existence. If God cannot do everything by His Hukam, then God is not omnipotent. Rather, he is subject to other factors. But it is not possible that the Creator or God Himself has created the means and the causes and then He Himself uses them. All means and causes come into use, according to God’s Hukam. The whole world runs according to the rules made by God. Very few people are aware of these rules and the majority are completely ignorant of these rules. What is considered a miracle is an event that cannot happen against established rules. The omnipotent recognition of God is revealed in Gurbani.
Summary: According to Gurmat, God is the possessor of infinite praises. The primary way God speaks to us is through the Bible. This means that one of the first things you should do in your search for God’s purpose is to start digging into scripture. Now, you won’t find any verses that tell you to become a dance instructor or painter, but you will begin to understand the heart of God.
The qualities of God cannot be ended. Based on some of the qualities described above, we get a glimpse of the form of the Supreme Being. Based on these attributes of God, it can be said that God is an omnipotent, omnipresent and interim entity and this entire universe is His dominion which he is running according to his Hukam. A human being can know something to some extent with some power, but that God is infinite, infinite, there is no limit to him. We have to understand first and only then can we become worthy of his grace.
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